Pele vs the PGV
The Puna Geothermal Venture (originally named the Hawaii Geothermal Project) on the east side of Hawaii's Big Island was constructed without environmental studies or a period of public input. The first wells were drilled in 1975. Although there were plans for subdivisions at that time, nothing was built until the following year. The well discharged large volumes of toxins and pollutants into the air as well as loud noises. Three subdivisions were established in 1976, with 12 families living within a mile of the PGV. Being in a high lava danger zone, the generator had been built on skids and a crane was in the building so the generator could be removed if lava threatened. After several blowouts in 1989, the site was shut down. However, itt had also gotten a permit that year from the local planning commission. Permits were suspended in 1991 due to a well blowing out. In 2013, levels of hydrogen sulfide exceeded EPA standards twice. The 2018 eruption of Kilauea began on May 3. Lava covered some of the wells and the plant was again shut down. The PGV is the green set of buildings in the left side of the photo.